Zoning Map Revision Process Resumes
Columbia City Council adopted the Unified Development Ordinance (UDO) in August 2019. The City is now moving forward with the public process to update the zoning map.
CITY OF COLUMBIA ZONING MAP PROCESS UPDATE
Columbia City Council held a public hearing on the proposed new zoning map at its January 19, 2021 meeting. The hearing included a staff presentation that provided an overview and history of the project, a summary of the new Unified Development Ordinance, and a revised schedule to adopt the new map and ordinance. The Council did not take a vote, but, as the schedule details, intends to provide for additional time for the public to continue to learn about the project and contact staff with questions or concerns. For questions or comments, please e-mail email@example.com or call 803-545-3333
|January 19, 2021||Public Hearing|
|January 20 – February 26, 2021||Period for additional input/Stakeholder-Neighborhood Meetings|
|March 16, 2021||City Council amend effective date to August 30, 2021/Review input and proposed changes|
|April 6, 2021||City Council 1st Reading of new zoning map|
|May 3, 2021||Planning Commission consideration of revisions to zoning map|
|June 15, 2021||City Council 2nd Reading of new zoning map (effective August 30, 2021)|
|July 20, 2021||City Council Public Hearing and 1st Reading on revisions to zoning map|
|August 3, 2021||City Council 2nd Reading on revisions to zoning map (effective August 30, 2021)|
|August 30, 2021||UDO and Map Effective|
What is being considered by City Council?
City Council is reviewing and receiving input on a new zoning map. The map is the second step in adopting a long-needed revision to the zoning and land development ordinance. Now called the Uniform Development Ordinance (UDO) and adopted in 2019, these new regulations replace a 40-year old ordinance that is problematic in many ways, to include that it is contradictory, difficult to understand and administer, and does not necessarily reflect desired development patterns. The Council will not take a vote at this meeting.
What is the Zoning Map Revision Process?
The City of Columbia recently adopted, with a future implementation date, a new Unified Development Ordinance (UDO), which consolidates and revises the current zoning and land development ordinances. The UDO establishes zoning districts that each have a different set of permitted uses and development standards.
To implement the UDO, a new zoning map designating the location of these new districts must be drafted and adopted by City Council. This process is intended to provide a way to seek feedback from and educate the public about the new map.
Zoning regulates land use, density, setbacks, parking, lot coverage, building size, and more. It provides a means to implement the Land Use Plan known as Plan Together and more broadly, the Comprehensive Plan, known as Columbia Compass. The overall objectives of planning and zoning are to protect public health, safety and welfare, to promote compatibility between various land uses and developments and to promote an attractive and well-planned community. Zoning districts are established by ordinance and the Official Zoning Map identifies the location of these districts, thereby specifying the land use and development requirements affecting each parcel of land within the City.
The current zoning ordinance is over 40 years old. Over time piecemeal changes have created a code that is contradictory, difficult to understand, and does not necessarily reflect desired development patterns. The new zoning code, combined with land development regulations and called the Unified Development Ordinance (UDO) resolves these issues and is intended to simplify and streamline development review, provide an easy to understand set of rules, while creating a more modern code that fosters growth and development while maintaining neighborhood character.
Changes range from significant, such as new zoning districts, to minor, such as renaming existing districts. Within the commercial district range, there are far more mixed-use districts that will permit residential and commercial uses along our corridors. These districts, known as Activity Centers/Corridors, are based on their context: Neighborhood, Community, or Region. Other districts such as M-1 (Light Industrial) and M-2 (Heavy Industrial) are now renamed LI and HI respectively. Residential districts are similar to what exists with consolidation of some standards, modifications to reflect actual development patterns and have been renamed. For instance, single family was designated by RS and is now RSF, while General Residential was denoted by RG and is now known as RM or Mixed Residential.
In all but a handful of cases, the classification of parcels in residential districts has stayed the same. Generally, if a parcel was RS, it is now RSF and if it was RG it is now RM or RD. In addition, the standards and uses permitted remain largely the same.
Yes. The new code includes new standards to ease the interface of commercial development with residential parcels. Known as Neighborhood Compatibility Standards, these requirements encourage the aspects of development that may be disruptive to a residence to be located away from the neighborhood and oriented towards the commercial corridor.
The new code and map provide more opportunities for mixed-use districts along our corridors. When the current ordinance was written in the 1970s, there was a belief and desire to strictly separate commercial uses from residential uses and rely more on vehicles to get from one place to another. While that certainly is still the primarily way most residents get around, there is a desire for additional options that don’t always require a car or bus trip. Allowing for residential and commercial uses along our corridors will provide the opportunity to create the conditions where residents can live, work, and recreate within walking or biking distance, while maintaining the residential character of our neighborhoods.
A number of factors were used to determine the new zoning categories. These include the current zoning classification, the Future Land Use classification, as well as the current use of the property.
Historic, Design, and Community Character Overlay districts have been renamed, but will remain in the same geographic location as they are currently.
The code and official zoning map is planned to go into effect August 30, 2021.
Applications will be covered by the Transitional Provisions of the UDO. If a permit application is submitted prior to the effective date of new code AND it is considered complete, it will be reviewed under the existing code even if final permit issuance does not occur until after the effective date. If it is considered a new application and it is after the effective date, it will be reviewed under new code.
Public Meetings and Hearings
Planning and Development Services Department staff held a virtual public meeting in September to give citizens the opportunity to review the map and learn about the new zoning districts. Following the virtual meeting, staff held one-on-one appointments to answer property-specific questions. Planning Commission reviewed the maps and recommended approval to City Council on November 2, 2020.
The Virtual Meetings/Hearings will be streamed online at www.columbiasc.gov and the public will have the ability to listen and participate via telephone.
Two affirmative readings are required for the maps to be approved.
To make an appointment to review a printed copy of the map, please call the Zoning Division at 803-545-3333
You can submit comments through the map tool or send an email the City at firstname.lastname@example.org